Hibernian Healthcare, specialist First Aid Course providers, outline top tips for 4 common concerns.
4 Top Tips for Basic First Aid
*Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons
It is strongly advisable to complete a Basic First Aid Course in order to fully understand the necessary skills that you need to learn. Here is a basic first aid overview for 4 areas of concern.
- Do not bend the head backwards or lie down. This only increases blood pressure to the head and as a result will increase the bleeding.
- Minimise the bleeding by pinching the nostrils shut for approximately 10 minutes with your middle and index finger.
- This small technique can often be enough to stop the flow.
- Inform the person to breathe through their mouth while you are doing this.
- If bleeding does not stop, take the person to see a Doctor.
- Minor cuts stop bleeding and clot within a few minutes.
- Simply wash the area and place a plaster over the cut.
- Deeper cuts in the veins will see a deeper shade of blood seep out slowly but continuously.
- Very gently press on the cut with a sterile cloth and apply a sterile bandage.
- It is recommended to seek medical treatment after this as deep cuts may need sewing or glueing.
Choking typically occurs when food has not been chewed properly and the passage through the windpipe gets blocked. If a person is genuinely choking they will not be able to talk. The most recognised method to relieve choking (provided the person is conscious and breathing) is the Heimlich Manoeuvre.
- Stand behind the choking person.
- Place your arms around their waist and bend them well forward.
- Clench your fist and place it above the person’s navel.
- Place your other hand on top and thrust both hands backwards into the stomach with a strong upward movement.
- Repeat until the object in their throat comes out through their mouth.
When too little blood circulates to the brain, shock occurs. The brain does not receive enough oxygen, which leads to a feeling of faintness, disorientation and dizziness. If someone goes into shock, here are the steps that can be taken:
- Place the person on their back and raise their feet. This is to make sure enough blood gets to their brain.
- Cover them with a blanket to keep them warm and comfortable.
- Do not allow them to drink, it could cause choking at this point.
- If the person is bleeding or vomiting from their mouth, place them on their side to stop them from choking.
- Call an ambulance. A person in shock must be seen by a Doctor.
If someone is having breathing problems, call for help. While you are waiting for medical professionals, do the following:
- Place the person on their back.
- Tilt their head so that their chin is pointing upwards. This is done so their tongue is not blocking their throat.
- Keep holding the head while checking for breathing. Keep watch to see if their chest is rising and falling, or place your ear next to their mouth to listen for breathing and feel breath on your cheek.
- If breathing is normal, continue to hold the head until help arrives.
- If there’s no breathing or gasping breaths, start basic life support.